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Parakeets - Guinea Pigs - Parrots - Cockatoos - Zebra Finches - Pet Questions - Home
Safe Plants for Birds
Also - Click here for
List of common poisonous plants and fumes

Compiled by the Orange County Bird Breeders Association

This list is a compilation of several different lists printed by various bird clubs and magazines and some local "common knowledge" about plants that are non-toxic and safe for birds.

Always use caution and common sense in your plant choices. Remember that birds have a delicate system and that a "large" quantity of any plant or fruit could upset their systems.

Common Name
Botanical Name
Family Name
ACACIA
Acacia (many species) 
ACACEAE
 (ACACIA)
AFRICAN VIOLETS 
Saintpaulia species 
GESNERIACEAE 
(GESNERIAD)
ALOE
Aloespecies-
 watchforspines
LILIACEAE
 (LILY)
ARECA, BUTTERFLY CANE 
Chrysalidocarpus 
 lutescens
PALMAE
 (PALM) 
ASPARAGUS FERN (see FERNS)
 
LILIACEAE
 (LILY)
AUSTRALIAN UMBRELLA TREE 
Schefflera actinophylla 
ARALIACEAE
 (ARALIA) 
BABY'S TEARS
Helxine soleirolii
URTICACEAE
BAMBOO
Arundinaria species 
GRAMINEAE (GRASS) 
BIRD NEST FERN
 (see FERNS)
Aaspleniunz nidus 
FILICES (FERN)
BEGONIA 
Begonia species 
BEGONIACEAE (BEGONIA) 
BOUGAINVILLEA 
Watch for spines:
 Bougainvillea species 
NYCTAGINACEAE 
BROMELIADS: 
Watch for spines: 
Ananas comosus 
Aechmea spp. 
Bilbergia spp.,
Bronwelia spp.
Cryptantyhus spp.,  
Guzmania spp., 
Neoregelia spp., 
BROMELIACEAE
(BROMELlADS)
CHICKWEED 
Cerastium vulgatum
 
CHRISTMAS CACTUS
Zygocactus or 
Schlumbergera species
CACTACEAE
 (CACTUS)
CISSUS KANGAROO VINES 
Cissus antartica
VITACEAE
 (GRAPE)
COFFEE TREE 
Coffea arabica 
(Coffee is toxic)
RUBIACEAE 
COLEUS
Coleus spp. 
LABIATAE 
(MINT) 
CORN PLANT
Dracaena massangeana
LILACEAE
 (LILY) 
CRABAPPLE 
Malus spp.
ROSACEAE
 (ROSE) 
CREEPING CHARLIE
Pilea nummariifolia 
URTICACEAE
DANDELION 
Taraxacum officinale
COMPOSITAE 
(SUNFLOWER)
DOGWOOD 
Cornus species
CORNACEAE 
DONKEY TAIL 
(BURRO'S TAIL) 
Sedum morganianum 
CRASSULACEAE 
(CRASSULA) 
DRACAENA
Dracaena species
LILIACEAE 
 (LILY)
DRAGON TREE 
Dracaena draco
LILIACEAE
 (LILY)
EASTER CACTUS 
Rhipsalidopsis species
CACTACEAE 
(CACTUS)
GOLD DUST DRACAENA
Dracaena godseffiana
LILIACEAE
 (LILY)
ELEPHANT FOOT TREE
Beaucarnea recurvata
LlLIACEAE
 (LILY)
EUCALYPTUS
Eucalyptus species-do not 
use any parts used 
in flower arrangements
MYRTACEAE 
(EUCALYPTUS)
ASPARAGUS 
(not a true fern) 
Asparagus densiflorus 
LILIACEAE (LILY)
BIRD NEST FERN
Asplenium nidus 
FILICES (FERN)
BOSTON FERN 
Nephrolepsis 
 bostoniensis 
FILICES (FERN)
BRAKE, RIBBON, DISH 
Pteris cretica
FILICES (FERN)
BUTTON
Pellaea rotundifolia
FILICES (FERN)
MOTHERFERN
Asplenium bulbferum 
FILICES (FERN)
MAIDENHAIR
Adiantum species
FILICES (FERN)
SWORD 
Nephrolepis 
 xaltata
FILICES (FERN)
SQUIRREL'S FOOT,
DEER'S FOOT, FIJI 
Davallia species
FILICES (FERN)
POLYPODY,BALL 
Polvpodium aureum 
FILICES (FERN)
STAGHORN, 
ELK'S HORN
Platycerium 
 diversifolium 
FILICES (FERN)
CREEPING FIG
Ficus pumila
MORACEAE (FIG)
EDIBLE FIG
Ficus carica
MORACEAE (FIG)
FIDDLELEAF FIG
Ficus lyrata
MORACEAE (FIG)
LAUREL LEAF 
 
MORACEAE (FIG)
RUBBER PLANT
Ficus elastica
MORACEAE (FIG)
WEEPING 
Ficus benjamina 
MORACEAE (F1G)
GARDENIA
Gardenia jasminoides 
(not Jasmine)
RUBIACEAE 
GOLD DUST 
Dracaena godseffiana
LILIACEAE (LILY)
GRAPE IVY 
Rhoicissus rhomboidea 
VITACEAE (GRAPE)
HEN AND CHICKENS
Echeveria and 
Sempervivum species 
CRASSULACEAE 
(CRASSULA) 
HIBISCUS
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
MALVACEAE 
(MALVA) 
JADE PLANT
Crassula portulacea 
or argentea 
CRASSULACEAE 
(CRASSULA) 
KALANCHOE 
Kalanchoe species 
CRASSULACEAE 
(CRASSULA) 
MAGNOLIA
Magnolia species
MAGNOLIACEAE 
(MAGNOLIA) 
MANGO 
Mangifera indica
ANACARDIACEAE 
MARIGOLD
Tagetes species 
COMPOSITAE 
(SUNFLOWER)
MONKEY PLANT
Ruellia species 
ACANTHACEAE 
MOTHER-IN-LAWS
 TONGUE
Sansevieria species 
watch for spines 
LILIACEAE (LILY)
NASTURTIUM
Tropaeolum majus
TROPAEOLACEAE 
NATAL PLUM
Carissa grandiflora 
ONLY FRUITS! 
APOCYNACEAE 
(OLEANDER)**
NERVE PLANT 
Fittonia verschaffeltii 
ACANTHACEAE 
NORFOLK ISLAND PINE 
Araucaria excelsa 
ARAUCARIACEAE 
PALMS: ARECA 
Chrysalidocarpus 
species
PALMAE (PALM) 
BAMBOO, FERN
Rhapis excelsa
PALMAE (PALM) 
DATE
Phoenix dactylifera 
PALMAE (PALM) 
EUROPEAN FAN
Chamaerops humilis
PALMAE (PALM) 
FAN 
Trachycarpus Jortunei 
Livistona species, 
Chamaerops humilis 
PALMAE (PALM) 
FISHTAIL
Caryota species 
 fruits are toxic 
PALMAE (PALM) 
HOWEIA
Howeia species
PALMAE (PALM) 
KENTIA
Howeia forsteriana
PALMAE (PALM) 
LADY
Rhapis excelsa
PALMAE (PALM) 
PARLOUR 
Chamaedorea elegans,
Neanthe bella
PALMAE (PALM) 
PHOENIX (DATE PALM)
 (not a true palm)
Phoenix canariensis 
PALMAE (PALM) 
PONY TAIL PALM
Beaucarnea recurvata
LILIACEAE (LILY)
PYGMY DATE
 
PALMAE (PALM) 
RHAPIS
Rhapis excelsas 
PALMAE (PALM) 
ROEBELIN, LADY PALM 
Phoenix roebelinsi
PALMAE (PALM) 
SAGO (not a true palm)
Cycas revoluta
CYCADACEAE (CYCAD)
SENTRY PALM 
Howiea species
PALMAE (PALM) 
WINE PALM 
Jubaea- fruits are toxic
PALMAE (PALM) 
PASSION FLOWER VINE 
Passiflora species
PASSIFLORACEAE
PEPEROMIA 
Peperomia species 
PIPERACEAE
 (PEPEROMIA) 
PETUNIA 
Petunia species 
SOLANACEAE 
(TOMATO/POTATO)
PITTOSPORUM 
Pittosporum species 
PITTOSPORACEAE
PONY TAIL PALM 
(not a palm)
Beaucarnea recurvata
LILIACEAE (LILY)
POTHOS
Scindapsus species
ARACEAE 
(PHILODENDRON) 
PRAYER PLANT
Maranta leuconeura
MARANTACEAE 
(MARANTA) 
PURPLE PASSION
 (Purple Nettle)
Gynura aurantiaca 
COMPOSITAE 
(SUNFLOWER) 
PYRACANTHA
 (ripe berries only) 
Pyracantha 
crenato-serrata
ROSACEAE ( ROSE)
RED-MARGINED DRACAENA 
Dracaena marginata
LILIACEAE (LILY)
SAGO PALM 
(not a true palm)
Cycas revoluta
CYCADACEAE
 (CYCAD)
SCHEFFLERA (UMBRELLA) 
Schefflera actinophylla 
ARALIACEAE 
 (ARALIA) 
SENSITIVE PLANT 
Mimosa species
LEGUMINOSAE 
 (PEA) **
SNAKE PLANT 
Sansevieria species 
LILIACEAE (LILY)
SPIDER or 
AIRPLANE PLANT
Chlorophytum comosum
LILIACEAE (LILY)
SWEDISH IVY 
Plectranthus species, 
Coleus species 
LABIATAE (MINT) 
RUBBER PLANT
Ficus elastica
MORACEAE (FIG)
THANKSGIVING CACTUS 
Zygocactus or 
Schlumbergera species
CACTACEAE
 (CACTUS)
THISTLE 
Cirsium species 
COMPOSITAE 
(SUNFLOWER) 
TOYON TREE or 
CALIFORNIA HOLLY
 (ripe berries)
Heteromeles (Phitonia)
arbutifolia
 
WANDERING JEW 
Tradescantia fluminensis
COMMELINACEAE 
WHITE CLOVER
Trifolium repens
LEGUMINOSAE 
 (PEA) **
UMBRELLA PLANT
Schefflera actinophylla 
ARALIACEAE
 (ARALIA) 
VELVET PLANT 
(purple passion) 
Gynura aurantiaca 
COMPOSITAE 
(SUNFLOWER 
YUCCA 
Yucca species-
watch for spines
LILIACEAE (LILY)
ZEBRA PLANT 
Aphelandra squarrosa 
Calathea zebrina,
ACANTHACEAE,
MARANTACEAE 
BROMELIACEAE
Protect Your Bird from
Poisons and Toxic Chemicals


Print this Chart as a Reminder of What
Poisonous Plants and Chemicals Can Harm Your Pet Bird
Poisonous Plants that are Harmful to Birds
Amaryllis
Avocado
Azalea
Balsam Pear
Baneberry
Beans: Castor, Horse,
Peas, Navy, Glory
Bird Of Paradise
Black Locust
Blue-Green Algae
Boxwood
Calla Lily
Cherry Tree
Christmas Candle
Coral Plant
Daffodil
Dieffenbachia
Eggplant
Elephant's Ear
Foxglove
Hemlock
Holly
Hyacinth
Hydrangea
Indian Turnip
Iris
Ivy ** All Types
Java Bean
Jerusulem Cherry
Jimsonweed
Juniper
Larkspur
Lily of the Valley
Lobelia
Locoweed
Marijuana
Mayapple
Mistletoe
Mock Orange
Morning Glory
Narcissus
Oak
Oleander
Philodendron
Poison Ivy & Oak
Poinsettia
Pikeweed
Potato
Privet
Rhododendron
Rhubarb
Rosary Peas
Sandbox Tree
Skunk Cabbage
Snowdrop
Sweet Pea
Tobacco
Virginia Creeper
Wisteria
Yam Bean
Yew
Sources of Fumes that are Toxic to Birds
Asbestos
Bleach / Chlorine
Carbon Monoxide
Cigarette Smoke
Diazanon
Flea Bombs and Collars
Floor Polishes
Formaldehyde
Hair Dye and Spray
House Paint
Kerosene
Matches
Moth Balls
Nail Polish & Remover
Oil Paint
 
Oven Cleaner
Overheated Nonstick
 Cookware **Teflons**
Paint Remover
Perfume
Permanent Wave Solution
Pesticides
Shoe Polish and Cleaners
Spot Removers
Spray Starch
Suntan Lotions
Surgical Acrylics
Toilet Cleaners
Wax
***This is by no means
a complete list. If you
are unsure, read the
label, seek more
adventurermation from maker.
When in doubt, don't use!!
 
Emergency Phone Numbers
Regular Vet  
24-Hour Vet  
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